Wales and the Sea: 10,000 years of Welsh Maritime History

Wales and the Sea: 10,000 years of Welsh Maritime History

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The most comprehensive study of Wales’ maritime history ever commissioned, taking over a decade to research and produce – sees publication this week. Entitled Wales and the Sea: 10,000 years of Welsh Maritime History, the volume delves into every aspect of Wales’ connection with the sea, from earliest history to the present day: from archaeology to paintings and poetry, from naval history to seaside holidays.

Contents

Foreword by The Right Honourable The Lord Elis-Thomas, PC, AM, Minister for Culture, Tourism and Sport in the Welsh Government

Introduction: People and the sea: a common inheritance

Chapter 1: Ships, sea and the imagination

  • The art of Francis Place
  • The architecture of the sea
  • Seafaring in medieval legend
  • Medieval poets at sea
  • Ships fashioned and scratched
  • Visual imagery
  • Sailor' souvenirs
  • Pioneers of photography and film
  • Songs of the sea

Chapter 2: For those in peril: navigation and safety

  • Medals for bravery
  • A cut above the rest: the pilot cutter
  • ‘And now for the shipping forecast…’
  • Measuring, marking and timekeeping
  • Seamarks, beacons and lighthouses
  • A house fit for a lifeboat

Chapter 3: The sea’s rise and fall

  • The West Coast Palaeolandscapes Project
  • The evolution of the Menai Strait
  • Molluscs, middens and fishing
  • Seascapes characterisation
  • Welsh floods

Chapter 4: Prehistoric and Roman boats

  • The golden boat of Caergwrle
  • Caldicot and Goldcliff
  • Ships on coins in the Rogiet hoard
  • Placing faith in divine aid
  • The Barland’s Farm boat

Chapter 5: Roman conquest and trade

  • Port facilities at Caerleon
  • Late-Roman coastal defences
  • Roman trade and transport

Chapter 6: Early medieval connections

  • Documentary sources for early medieval seafaring
  • Scandinavian coastal names
  • A Viking ship that wasn't
  • The Battle of the Menai Strait
  • A victim of The Smalls reef

Chapter 7: The Middle Ages

  • The medieval dock at Beaumaris Castle
  • Rhuddlan Castle and the canalisation of the River Clwyd
  • Flint: coastal fortress and centre of industry
  • The ports and harbours of south-west Wales
  • Two ships and their fates

Chapter 8: Coracles to carracks

  • The Magor Pill ship: a medieval workhorse
  • The Newport ship
  • Slates in the sea
  • Ships on seals
  • Ships and faith
  • The Bardsey handgun

Chapter 9: Maritime Wales in the Tudor period

  • Tudor ship images
  • A Tudor trader's house
  • Port books and trade

Chapter 10: Merchant shipping in the modern age

  • Centres of Welsh shipbuilding
  • Coastal trade
  • Distinctive small vessels: smacks, sloops, trows and flats
  • The ‘Mersey flat’ and the North Wales coastal trade
  • ‘Such store of fishe as pleased God to send’
  • ‘Consider slavery’
  • The 'Bronze Bell' wreck
  • Ships that roofed the world
  • The Llyn Padarn and Llyn Peris boats
  • The Pembrokeshire lime trade
  • Coastal limekilns
  • Shipping dynasties and local shareholders
  • North American vessels in Welsh waters
  • The coal trade
  • Sarah and Primrose
  • Trans-shipment from canal to ocean-going vessels
  • Ballast spotting
  • Cable ships
  • Sand factories

Chapter 11: The lure of the sea

  • The royal yacht Mary
  • On pleasure bent…
  • Packet services, ferries and pleasure steamers
  • The Kathleen & May
  • The Blue Riband
  • A. M. Dickie & Sons

Chapter 12: Defending the coast of Wales

  • Pembroke Dockyard: a great enterprise
  • The last invasion of the British Isles
  • Victory spoils: Napoleonic cannon in Wales
  • Robert Seppings and HMS Conway
  • Faded glories: training ships
  • HMS Hamadryad
  • The Resurgam submarine
  • The H5 submarine
  • Short Sunderland T9044: a unique survivor
  • Saunders-Roe, of Beaumaris, Anglesey
  • The Harlech Lightning
  • The Royal Naval Patrol Service
  • Ferro-concrete shipping
  • Modern warfare

Chapter 13: Ships as microcosms

  • A Roman sailors’ joke?
  • Newport Ship carpenters’ marks
  • Food on board
  • Weapons on board
  • The Ann Francis
  • Finds from the royal yacht Mary
  • The Royal Charter
  • Life aboard the ‘Bronze Bell’

Chapter 14: A future for our underwater past

  • Intertidal wrecks in Swansea Bay
  • Wales’s maritime archaeological record
  • The naming of ships
  • Historic vessels afloat
  • Magnificent flying machines
  • Recording techniques
  • The view from the air
  • Documenting fishtraps
  • Climate change
  • Modelling the Newport ship
  • Rescuing the Magor Pill hull
  • Renewable energy
  • Dredging for sand and gravel
  • Waterfront regeneration; the Alice and the City of Ottawa
  • Eroding coastlines

Chapter 15: Maritime heritage and the law

  • Protection, marine archaeology and the law in Wales
  • State-owned vessels and aircraft
  • Salvage law
  • Smugglers, wreckers and pirates
  • Legendary smugglers
  • The Ann Francis: wreck and aftermath
  • Swallowing sands: the Dollar wreck

Chapter 16: Museums: access for all

  • The Nautical Archaeology Society
  • Archives as research sources
  • Models and replicas

 

  • Glossary
  • Notes
  • Bibliography
  • Contributors
  • Acknowledgements
  • Index